What is Deep Brain Stimulation?

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure used to treat symptoms associated with various neurological conditions. Implanted electrodes deliver electrical impulses through implanted electrodes which send electrical pulses that help correct misfiring nerve signals in specific parts of your brain, helping regulate nerve signals more effectively.

DBS surgery is often employed for those suffering from tremor, dystonia or Parkinson’s disease when medications fail to provide relief or cause side effects. Our multidisciplinary team has extensive experience performing DBS surgery on patients at any stage in the process.

What is DBS?

Deep brain stimulation (DBS), using electrodes placed under the scalp to regulate abnormal signals that cause tremors, seizures and other symptoms to remit in some patients – sometimes completely eliminating symptoms and greatly improving quality of life – Deep Brain Stimulation can greatly reduce or even eradicate such issues for many individuals.

DBS can be used to treat movement disorders like Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dystonia as well as mental conditions like obsessive-compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder and neuropathic pain. Sometimes DBS may even be combined with medications in order to decrease dosages and side effects of both.

DBS surgery entails inserting thin wires known as electrodes into specific regions of either side of your brain that control movement, then connecting these electrodes to an implanted pacemaker-style neurostimulator placed just under your collarbone in your chest area. A computer program controls this device which sends low-level electrical current directly to electrodes when needed.

Before your surgery, medical tests and brain-imaging studies (such as an MRI or computed tomography scan ) will be performed to ascertain if deep brain stimulation (DBS) is suitable for you. Additional evaluation may include occupational therapy review or speech, language and swallowing evaluation. A psychiatrist can also perform an exam to ascertain if depression or anxiety needs treating prior to starting DBS therapy.

Surgery usually lasts several hours. Your surgeon will administer numbing medication into your scalp and position a head frame to keep your head in its correct position during surgery. Once that has taken place, they’ll create a pouch-like space under your collarbone in which they’ll place the pulse generator before connecting extension wires from electrodes directly to pulse generator. Finally, they’ll stitch closed any wounds left from surgery.

Once your device is in place, your doctor will activate and begin making adjustments – this may take multiple office visits before finding the optimal balance of increased symptom control with minimal side effects.

DBS surgery requires surgical incision, so it’s important to fully comprehend its risks just like you do before playing online slot games on websites recommended at the moxiecafe.com and benefits before making a decision to undergo this surgical process. You will also need to commit yourself to evaluations, procedures and consultations prior to and post-op as well as locate a medical center with expertise and equipment capable of performing DBS procedures in your locality.

What are the Indications for DBS?

DBS is most frequently prescribed to treat Parkinson disease, which often manifests with tremors and movement issues. DBS may also treat dystonia – a muscle condition which interferes with movement and posture – or other conditions like epilepsy, neuropathic pain and treatment-resistant depression. Furthermore, autism, anorexia nervosa and schizophrenia are being researched using DBS technology as potential treatment methods.

To determine your eligibility for DBS, your doctor will evaluate both your symptoms and abilities. Videotaped performances of various movements (walking, finger tapping and rising from chair) with or without medications prescribed for Parkinson’s will also be examined by neurologists; your thinking and memory abilities will also be tested by neurologists; in addition, you will also meet with a psychiatrist who may identify whether depression or anxiety require prior treatment before proceeding with DBS treatment.

DBS may help when medicines no longer provide relief, or side effects restrict daily activities. By disrupting abnormal brain activity and helping certain parts of your brain control movement, speech, vision or emotions more efficiently. While DBS cannot treat all symptoms or improve quality of life significantly; it can significantly lessen symptoms while increasing quality.

Before surgery begins, we will administer an anesthetic injection into your arm and place an intravenous line so we can administer any needed medication throughout. At the outset of DBS treatment, a robot called ROSA guides electrode placement within your brain; once we find an ideal site we insert and test our DBS lead; during testing we look for improvement in symptoms like tremor while simultaneously tracking any new sensations which arise – this step helps us fine-tune DBS therapy and achieve maximum benefit for you.

Once surgery has taken place, you’ll return to the neurologist’s office for DBS adjustments. They will make changes that minimize symptoms while improving function; you will also visit a cardiologist to make sure your DBS system doesn’t affect their heart.

What are the Procedures for DBS?

DBS works by connecting electrodes to an implanted neurostimulator device – similar to an electrical pacemaker – which then delivers electric current directly into your brain area targeted by it, relieving symptoms. Electrodes are placed via minimally invasive surgery in your skull while an implanted pulse generator remains concealed underneath your skin near your collarbone.

At first, we perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans to identify which parts of your brain are contributing to your movement issues, and to locate an ideal position for our electrode placement surgery while you remain conscious. After surgery is performed while awake, tasks will be assigned that help our highly trained neurosurgeon team locate optimal locations for our electrode placement – this process is known as brain mapping.

Our surgeon will create a pocket under your skin near the collarbone to house the device, before inserting extension wires from DBS electrodes into it and connecting these to a neurostimulator device before sewing up any tissues that remain. The procedure typically lasts one day and you should expect to stay in hospital overnight afterwards.

Your doctor will program your device so it delivers an electrical signal which improves symptoms while minimizing side effects. This may require multiple visits over weeks or months and modifications may need to be made in your activities to protect both leads and body parts from being damaged in any way.

However, as with any surgery there can be potential risks and complications with DBS surgery. You and your healthcare provider will discuss any possible complications or risks with regard to your individual health history and personal circumstances.

DBS may offer long-term benefit to carefully chosen people with Parkinson’s disease or essential tremor. DBS has been proven to significantly decrease symptoms related to these conditions, thus improving quality of life while potentially eliminating or greatly decreasing doses of medications required. DBS may be combined with physical therapy sessions as well as therapies which target their underlying causes in order to get optimal results.

What are the Risks for DBS?

DBS can be an empowering solution for certain conditions that cause movement disorders, when medications no longer prove effective or when side effects interfere with daily activities. DBS is a neurosurgical procedure which uses implanted electrodes to deliver electric stimulation directly into specific parts of the brain responsible for symptoms like essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease or dystonia – and in certain cases reduce seizures associated with treatment-resistant epilepsy.

Prior to initiating DBS treatment, doctors conduct an intensive evaluation process in order to ensure it will meet your needs. A team of experts, such as a movement disorder specialist (a neurologist with extra training in Parkinson’s) and brain surgeon, reviews your medication regiment, tests memory and thinking abilities and conducts detailed brain imaging scans.

Our specialists at OHSU were among the first to pioneer “awake” DBS surgery, which allows you to remain awake during the procedure so you can respond to questions from your neurosurgeon and help place electrodes correctly. You will receive numbing medication to keep any pain or discomfort at bay; one of our unique advantages as an institution is having a speech pathologist by your bedside during this important step in care.

Once installed, DBS allows your neurologist to fine-tune its settings for maximum effectiveness. Furthermore, you can turn it off as needed; should no longer require DBS treatments during follow-up surgeries, leads and pulse generators can be removed in follow-up surgery sessions.

DBS may be used in combination with medications or physical therapy treatments. Depending on your condition and goals, DBS could enable you to reduce dosages or switch medications that produce fewer side effects.

Before making a decision about DBS, your healthcare provider will discuss both its advantages and drawbacks with you. In general, insurance will cover it if it has been officially approved as treatment for your condition.


Life Foundation After Brain Surgery: A Journey of Resilience and Hope

Welcome to a heartwarming journey of strength, resilience, and hope as we explore the transformative impact of the Life Foundation after brain surgery. In this article, we will dive into the inspiring stories of individuals who have experienced the challenges of brain surgery and the invaluable support offered by the Life Foundation in their path to recovery. Join us as we witness the triumph of the human spirit and the unwavering dedication of this remarkable organization in empowering lives after brain surgery.

Overcoming the Challenges of Brain Surgery

Under this heading, we’ll delve into the complexities and perplexities of brain surgery – a life-altering procedure that demands immense courage from patients and their loved ones. Brain surgery, being a burst of life-saving medical intervention, comes with uncertainties and anxieties. Patients face a multitude of challenges, from physical recovery to emotional healing, and adapting to a new normal.

The Guiding Light of Life Foundation

Amidst the uncertainties, the Life Foundation shines as a guiding light for those who have undergone brain surgery. Their compassionate approach and tailored support systems offer a beacon of hope during challenging times. The foundation understands that each journey is unique, and they provide a personalized support network that addresses the specific needs of each patient and their families.

Holistic Rehabilitation for Body and Mind

In this section, we’ll explore the comprehensive rehabilitation programs provided by the Life Foundation. Rehabilitation after brain surgery encompasses a range of therapies, including physical, occupational, and cognitive exercises. The foundation’s team of skilled therapists work hand-in-hand with patients to help them regain their strength, independence, and confidence.

The process of rehabilitation can be likened to a puzzle, with each piece representing a step towards healing. Just as each piece is vital to completing the puzzle’s picture, each therapy and support provided by the Life Foundation is crucial in piecing together a successful recovery journey.

A rehabilitation platform OnlinePoker

Life after brain surgery is often characterized by adaptation and learning to accept new beginnings. Some patients may experience changes in their abilities, while others may need support to reintegrate into society. The Life Foundation offers an online platform mobile poker to foster a supporting community https://centiment.io/ where patients can share their experiences and victories and ensure that they are not alone on this journey.

We can compare life after brain surgery to a phoenix rising from the ashes. Just as the mythical creature emerges strong



er and more vibrant after being consumed by flames, patients find the courage to rise above their challenges, discovering newfound strength and resilience.


The Life Foundation’s unwavering dedication in supporting individuals after brain surgery embodies the true essence of resilience and hope. Through personalized care, comprehensive rehabilitation, and a nurturing community, they illuminate the path to recovery for patients and their families.

As we conclude this journey, let us celebrate the triumphs of those who have overcome the challenges of brain surgery, their strength serving as a reminder of the human spirit’s indomitable nature. The Life Foundation continues to be a beacon of hope, fostering a community where stories of resilience are celebrated and hope is never dimmed. In a world where uncertainties abound, the Life Foundation stands as a testament to the power of compassion and the profound impact it can have on lives after brain surgery. Together, let us support one another, embrace new beginnings, and journey towards a brighter, empowered future.

The Stories of Founders Behind Successful NGOs

Funders require nonprofits that survive and scale post-founding to develop homegrown leaders to take over, yet due to funder demands on tangible results they don’t prioritize leadership development programs and often lack any clear idea as to what this should look like.

SSIR talked with several NGO leaders regarding their best practices. While sharing insights, they did not dictate a set of strict instructions that others must slavishly adhere to. Such leaders gets busy with their work each day rather than playing on yoakimbridge.com.

The Story of Oxfam

Oxfam strives to build a world where no one needs to experience poverty, war, hunger or disaster. They do this by attacking poverty at its roots while supporting communities and helping them recover from crises. Their commitment is listening and responding to local needs by developing projects tailored specifically to each community’s unique requirements; furthermore they thoroughly evaluate both successes and failures to ensure their work results in lasting change for those they serve.

Oxfam was established as the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief by a group of intellectuals and social activists at Oxford University in Britain in 1942, seeking to raise money to buy supplies to ease suffering caused by World War II food shortages. Over time, their organization grew quickly – eventually raising enough money to send essential goods through an Allied naval blockade to Greece where there had been widespread famine; followed later by their first direct relief effort when Bihar state in India experienced severe hunger during 1966.

Oxfam first began offering fair trade products for sale through gift shops and mail orders beginning in 1969; eventually this evolved into the Oxfam Trading Company. Due to its incredible success, in 1971 Oxfam established its first national affiliate outside England: an organization was set up in Canada; later that same year Oxfam opened its first shop in America.

Oxfam International operates offices in over 90 countries worldwide and is one of the UK’s leading charities and the fourth-largest international aid organization, boasting an enviable international aid presence with thousands of volunteer staff helping out at its shops selling secondhand books and musty mink coats to fund Oxfam’s efforts abroad.

Critics have noted that Oxfam International has grown into a “Big International Non-Governmental Organisation”, complete with corporate structures and undemocratic internal governance, that addresses only symptoms rather than causes of poverty, succumbing to neoliberal economics, and taking on roles typically performed by national governments. Yet despite such criticisms, the charity remains resilient, fighting tirelessly for an alternative world where no one needs to suffer poverty, war, hunger or disasters.

The Story of Medecins Sans Frontieres

Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors without Borders), founded in 1971 following war and famine in Biafra, Nigeria by a collective of French physicians and journalists determined to establish an emergency aid service which could deliver medical aid quickly and efficiently to its intended locations.

Max Recamier and Bernard Kouchner believed their experience during the Biafran Famine had revealed the need for a new approach to humanitarianism: one that transcended political or religious boundaries while prioritising those suffering. It became part of MSF’s founding philosophy and then official policy.

MSF’s early missions were fraught with difficulty: their first missions encountered poor medical facilities and were threatened by armed forces. In 1975, Claude Malhuret set off for Thailand with the goal of aiding refugees fleeing Pol Pot’s oppressive rule in Cambodia – this mission would become MSF’s inaugural major operation and would end tragically for five staff members, including two French expatriates, being killed as fighting broke out between government troops and local rebels and many being injured or having their homes destroyed in these initial missions.

MSF quickly expanded and gained strength and fame over time; by the late 1980s it had offices worldwide with presence in 22 countries. MSF’s work mostly consisted of providing medical aid during conflict or disaster situations while simultaneously combatting issues like cholera, AIDS and tuberculosis.

MSF has long combined medical care delivery with vocal criticism of causes of worldwide suffering. They frequently voiced opposition to violence and violations of human rights in areas they work, and also against perceived obstacles to essential medical aid delivery.

MSF’s work has been honored with several prestigious awards, including the Freedom of Want Award presented in 1996 to honor its courageous volunteers who unselfishly helped those in need despite potential danger.

The Story of ActionAid

ActionAid was established as a non-profit organisation in 1972 to combat poverty and injustice worldwide. They place women and girls at the core of their work, believing that a world in which everyone’s rights are respected will lead to a better existence for all. Their goal is to inspire, mobilise and empower communities for lasting positive change in lives across communities worldwide.

Field Exchange recently met up with Roger Yates, head of ActionAid’s emergency program in their office near Archway station in north London. Yates began his overseas development career in 1984 by working both within developing nations as well as emergency response situations before eventually joining ActionAid in 1999.

Roger describes ActionAid as a highly decentralised organization, with headquarters based out of Johannesburg but country programs enjoying considerable independence in terms of both autonomy and finances. This creates an environment in which views are challenged as well as established wisdom, leading to policies and strategies often being determined by staff in those countries themselves – for instance their approach to conflict resolution has evolved through internal critique and consultation processes among staff from within those regions.

One of the primary factors of ActionAid’s relative success during emergencies lies in their focus on empowering communities and shifting power dynamics. ActionAid also recognizes that long-term resilience requires building up community capacity in areas like disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation so they are well prepared when disaster strikes again.

Additionally, they use their child sponsorship scheme to raise funds during disaster situations and keep donors updated as to the use of their funds. This approach fosters trust with donors that ultimately aids the organisation during times of distress.

As a member of the CHS Alliance, ActionAid takes its role in providing quality and accountability seriously and regularly demonstrates this by conducting their Self-Assessments against the Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS). We’re so delighted to recognize them as this month’s “Member of the Month”.

The Story of Age UK

After World War II, when shortages and unemployment affected all aspects of society, it became apparent that many older people were particularly vulnerable. To address this situation, local people formed the Norwich Older People’s Welfare Committee; soon thereafter similar committees began appearing throughout Britain until there were 831 local committees; many became pioneering works like providing advice services or organizing day trips specifically tailored for elderly individuals.

In 1971, NOPWC changed to Age Concern to both alter its image and reflect a renewed emphasis on helping improve the quality of life for older people. Through luncheon clubs and home visiting services provided by Age Concerns as well as helping with social security claims they also ran national schemes such as Adopt a Granny and Gifted Housing schemes.

By the late 80s Age Concern had become one of the largest charities in the UK with national offices and a central fundraising department. Concurrently there was increasing awareness of issues faced by older people such as isolation, poor health and discrimination; many campaigns were run including one to study their situation as widows of earlier women.

National debate began about whether to continue operating as a federation or merge with other organizations, and on 1 April 2009 Age Concern and Help the Aged officially combined into Age UK. Local organizations were given the choice between becoming brand partners by using Age UK branding or remaining independent – many chose staying independent so as to meet local elderly needs better.

Charity Commission investigations have recently revealed that Age UK failed to ensure its partnership agreements with energy companies are transparent. More specifically, Age UK did not implement sufficient processes for monitoring partner performance or considering whether these were suitable to meeting Age UK’s aims and values. Therefore it has recommended reviewing Age UK’s partnerships and making appropriate changes so any commercial activities remain fully aligned with its charitable purpose.